The"4-R" integrated approach to water management: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Restore.

Reduce

Water conservation is a critical part of LA's water supply solution. A UC Davis Center for Water-Energy Efficiency project found that during California's historic drought, when statewide water conservation measures were in place, the energy savings from water conservation were greater than the energy savings from all other energy savings efforts combined

 

Reuse

Rainwater is free. Why do we let billions of gallons of this potentially treatable and potable water flood our streets, pick up toxic pollutants, flow into storm drains, and eventually out to our inland and coastal waters? Learn more about LA's potential to capture, treat, infiltrate and reuse our stormwater here.

Recycle

Purifying wastewater for agriculture, industrial uses, and drinking water is a safe and environmentally beneficial way to augment local water supplies that is already working from Singapore to Israel and even here in Orange County and LA. Employing the same technology as desalination, wastewater purification is cheaper and more energy efficient due to its lower salinity than seawater.

Restore

LA relies heavily on groundwater as a major source of drinking water; yet, many of our groundwater basins are heavily contaminated. For example, only about 30 wells in the San Fernando Basin are currently in reliable operation - a 50% reduction from historical groundwater supply. Cleaning up our contaminated basins - particularly as we plan to recharge them with purified stormwater and wastewater - is key to bolstering LA's local water supplies, and the process has already begun.

All of these methods require less energy than desal, and all provide economic and environmental relief.